Bryce Canyon National Park
EXPERIENCE THIS REGION FROM ONE LOCATION
Visitors to this region will appreciate their ability to stay in one place and experience great adventure and scenery in all directions. To the south of Capitol Reef National Park is Bryce Canyon, one of the most unique national parks in the United States. Bryce Canyon is accessible from Capitol Reef via All American Scenic Byway 12. This road from Capitol Reef to Bryce Canyon is spectacular with many scenic views and side attractions to enjoy. Click here to learn more about the Capitol Reef area.
BRYCE CANYON NATIONAL PARK
Encompassing approximately 36,000 acres Bryce Canyon, is actually a series of fourteen amphitheaters that run in a north-south direction along the southeastern edge of the Paunsagunt Plateau for a distance of approximately 20 miles. The largest of the rock amphitheaters, Bryce Amphitheater, is 12 miles long, 3 miles wide, and 800 feet deep. On top of the plateau Bryce Canyon begins in elevation at approximately 8,000 feet and rises to just over 9,000 feet. East of the plateau is the Paria River Valley and in the distance various formations can be seen such as Powell Point, Navajo Mountain and the Kaiparowitz Plateau.
HOW WAS BRYCE CANYON CREATED?
The park’s amphitheaters have formed, over millennia, as layers of sandstone and shale and iron-rich sandstone and conglomerates were deposited in layers. The last layers called the Claron Formation, are part of the famous Pink Cliffs which form the upper portions of the Grand Staircase. As streams of water flow from the plateau they have create thin ridges in the rock contours of the cliffs, known as fins. As these fins erode, they create impressive individual tower formations, at Bryce Canyon, known as hoodoos. These pinnacles have been colored by iron oxide, limonite, and magnesium oxide. With freezing night temperatures in winter, water which has seeped into the rock’s crevices turns to ice. The frozen water then expands, and fractures the rock formations creating a cycle of continuing erosion.
Over thousands of years various cultures have inhabited the region surrounding Bryce Canyon National Park. As early as 10,000 years ago, Paleo-Indians hunted large mammals in the region. Then approximately 2,000 years ago, the area became inhabited by the Ancestral Puebloans, or the Anasazi who used the area to harvest pine nuts and also to hunt wildlife. The Bryce Canyon region was next inhabited by the Fremont culture, which lived in the area up until about 1200 AD. Finally the Paiute people entered the region and stayed until the twentieth century. Hoodoos, a word which is believed to mean “red painted faces” in the Paiute language, were said to be people turned to stone after they had become victims of a displeased coyote.
A spanish explorer passed through this region in 1776 and then Americans began to explore the area in the mid 1800’s. Mormon settlers first surveyed the area in an attempt to discern its usefulness for grazing and other types of inhabitation. The area was later surveyed by Major John Wesley Powell in 1872. In 1874, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints sent Ebenezer Bryce, the national park’s namesake, to settle the area. Bryce and other settlers soon inhabited the area right below what is known today as Bryce Amphitheater. On one occasion, Ebenezer Bryce lost some of his cattle and he entered one of the nearby Bryce Canyon amphitheaters in search of his animals. His comment upon discovery of this amazing scene, “It’s one hell of a place to lose a cow.”
The area around Bryce National Park first began to gain some notoriety around 1916 when articles of its magnificence were published in several magazines.
As interest grew in the Bryce Canyon conservationist Stephen Mather moved to have the area designated as a state park. The Utah governor and state legislature, however, pushed to have the region designated as a national monument, which occurred officially in 1923. Then in February of 1928, the area was designated as Bryce Canyon National Park.
HOW TO GET THERE
Travel south from the Capitol Reef region on byway 12. Along the way don’t miss such attractions as; the Burr Trail, Anasazi Indian Village State Park, Calf Creek Falls, Hole in the Rock Road, Devil’s Garden, and Kodachrome Basin State Park. Click on the map below to see the course you may take to visit Bryce Canyon National Park.
Click on the link to view a Bryce Canyon Map (PDF file)